ether

ether
definition from
Oxford Dictionary of English – https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.mobisystems.msdict.embedded.wireless.oxford.dictionaryofenglish

ether /ˈiːθə /
▸ noun [mass noun]
1 Chemistry a pleasant-smelling colourless volatile liquid that is highly flammable. It is used as an anaesthetic and as a solvent or intermediate in industrial processes.
Alternative names: diethyl ether, ethoxyethane; chemical formula: C2H5OC2H5.
▪ [count noun] any organic compound with a similar structure to ether, having an oxygen atom linking two alkyl or other organic groups:
methyl t -butyl ether.
2 (also aether) chiefly literary the clear sky; the upper regions of air beyond the clouds:
nasty gases and smoke disperse into the ether.
▪ (the ether) informal air regarded as a medium for radio:
choral evensong still wafts across the ether.
3 (also aether) Physics, archaic a very rarefied and highly elastic substance formerly believed to permeate all space, including the interstices between the particles of matter, and to be the medium whose vibrations constituted light and other electromagnetic radiation:
the motion of the planets would be retarded by the ether through which they moved.
– DERIVATIVES
etheric /iːˈθɛrɪk, , ˈiːθ(ə)rɪk/ adjective
– ORIGIN late Middle English : from Old French, or via Latin from Greek aithēr ‘upper air’, from the base of aithein ‘burn, shine’. Originally the word denoted a substance believed to occupy space beyond the sphere of the moon. ether (SENSE 3) arose in the mid 17th century and ether (SENSE 1) in the mid 18th century.

German Empire

German Empire
definition from
Oxford Dictionary of English – https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.mobisystems.msdict.embedded.wireless.oxford.dictionaryofenglish

German Empire
an empire in German-speaking central Europe, created by Bismarck in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War by the union of twenty-five German states under the Hohenzollern king of Prussia. Also called Second Reich.
Forming an alliance with Austria–Hungary, the German Empire became the greatest industrial power in Europe and engaged in colonial expansion in Africa, China, and the Far East. Tensions arising with other colonial powers led to the First World War, after which the German Empire collapsed and the Weimar Republic was created.